The gums are essential to your smile. And when they aren’t healthy, they can impact your oral health. If you have gum disease or an infection in your gums, periodontal therapy can help. At Northwest Villages Dentistry - Vesna Arezina DDS, PA, we offer various periodontal treatments to help restore oral health.
Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissues caused by bacteria that build up along the gum line. This infection can cause the gums to become red, swollen, and tender to the touch. If left untreated, the infection can spread to the bone that supports the teeth and lead to tooth loss. Fortunately, periodontal disease can be treated with periodontal therapy.
Types of Periodontal Therapy
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is the primary non-surgical treatment for gum disease, typically performed for mild to moderate cases. Scaling removes plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces, especially below the gumline.
Root planing is the smoothing of the tooth's root surfaces to remove bacterial toxins and promote gum tissue reattachment. This treatment eliminates bacterial buildup, reduces inflammation, and facilitates gum tissue healing.
Laser-assisted periodontal therapy is an innovative approach to treating gum disease. It involves using laser technology to remove infected tissue, eliminate bacteria, and promote healing. Laser therapy is less invasive than traditional surgery and often results in faster recovery.
For more severe cases of gum disease, flap surgery may be necessary. During this procedure, the dentist in Houston, TX, makes small incisions in the gum tissue to lift it back, allowing access to the tooth roots and deep cleaning of the affected area. Afterward, the gum tissue is sutured back into place.
Bone and Tissue Grafts
Advanced gum disease can lead to bone loss and gum recession. Bone grafts involve adding bone material to damaged or deficient areas to promote bone regeneration, while tissue grafts use gum tissue to cover exposed tooth roots. These grafting procedures are often performed to restore lost support structures around the teeth.
The Benefits of Periodontal Therapy
Preservation of Teeth
Periodontal therapy is instrumental in preserving your natural teeth. You can prevent tooth loss and maintain a healthy, functional smile by treating gum disease in its early stages.
Oral Health and Systemic Health Connection
Emerging research has highlighted the connection between gum disease and systemic health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory problems. Periodontal therapy in Houston, TX, benefits your oral health and may have positive implications for your overall well-being.
Alleviation of Discomfort
Advanced gum disease can be painful and uncomfortable. Periodontal therapy can relieve pain, sensitivity, and bleeding gums, improving oral comfort.
If you suspect gum disease or have concerns about your gum health, visit Northwest Villages Dentistry - Vesna Arezina DDS, PA, at 10551 Mills Rd, Houston, TX 77070, or call (281) 469-7469 to explore the most suitable type of periodontal therapy for your specific needs. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to preventing further damage to your teeth and jawbone.